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Gynecologic Care Services — Conditions We Treat

The following conditions are some of the most common conditions treated by specialists in this area. These specialists offer expert care for many other related medical problems. If you need care for a condition not listed here, please call (888) 352-RUSH (7874) to find a doctor who can help you.

  • Abdominal pain, also called stomach pain or belly pain, is pain below the chest and above the groin. It is a symptom and not a condition.
  • Abnormal Pap Smear

    Abnormal Pap smear occurs when a doctor finds abnormal cells from a Pap smear. Abnormal cells can indicate the presence of HPV or cancer, so it is critical to follow up with a gynecologist or primary care physician for further testing.
  • Bacterial vaginosis occurs when bacteria start to overgrow in the vagina, sometimes causing symptoms such as vaginal itchiness and odor.
  • Cervical cancer is abnormal cell growth that begins in the lower part of a woman’s uterus (the cervix).
  • Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria. It can affect men and women and lead to infertility in women if untreated.
  • If the pelvic floor becomes weakened or damaged — for example, during childbirth — the vaginal wall can collapse, allowing the bladder to bulge into the vagina. This is called cystocele, or prolapsed bladder.
  • Vaginal pain during sex is a symptom with several possible causes, most of which are highly treatable.
  • Endometrial Cancer

    Endometrial cancer is a type of uterine cancer that starts in the endometrium, the tissue that lines the uterus. Endometrial cancer symptoms include abnormal bleeding from the vagina (either heavy or prolonged bleeding or bleeding between periods). An endometrial biopsy is one of the tests used to diagnose endometrial cancer.
  • Endometriosis is when tissue from your uterus has moved into other areas of your body, such as your pelvic area.
  • If the pelvic floor becomes weakened or damaged — for example, during childbirth — the small intestine, or small bowel, can start bulging into the vagina, causing pain and discomfort. This is called enterocele.
  • Fecal incontinence, also called bowel incontinence or anal incontinence, is the inability to control bowel movements.
  • The need or urge to urinate more frequently than normal can be caused by a variety of health conditions, including urinary incontinence, overactive bladder (sometimes referred to as urge incontinence) and pregnancy.
  • Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a type of bacteria. Both men and women can become infected.
  • Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that can be treated but has no cure.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmited disease, or STD. This extremely common infection affects the genitals of men and women and in some instances can lead to genital warts and cancer.
  • Infertility is the inability of a sexually active couple to achieve pregnancy after more than a year.
  • Interstitial cystitis (IC), often called painful bladder syndrome, occurs when the bladder is inflamed.
  • Irregular Periods

    Irregular periods include periods lasting longer than seven days, heavy bleeding, infrequent periods (more than 35 days apart), painful periods with severe cramps, shortened periods (lasting less than two days) and bleeding between periods (spotting). Women who experience significant changes in their cycles should talk to a primary care doctor or gynecologist.
  • The most common cause of a kidney infection is an untreated urinary tract infection (UTI). When the bacteria from the bladder reach the kidneys, the infection becomes more serious. 
  • Menopause occurs when a woman no longer has menstrual periods for at least a year.
  • Ovarian cancer occurs when abnormal cells divide uncontrollably in a woman’s ovarian tissue.
  • Ovarian Cysts

    Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that grow on or inside of the ovaries. There are several types. Functional cysts (including follicle cysts and corpus luteum cysts) are the most common and usually go away on their own. Other types include endometriomas (which form in women with endometriosis), cystadenomas and dermoid cysts.
  • Pelvic organ prolapse happens when organs can become dislodged and bulge out of the vagina or the anus. This happens when the pelvic floor — muscles and other tissues that support the bladder, uterus and other organs — becomes weakened or damaged.
  • Pelvic pain is pain that occurs in the lowest part of the abdomen, below the belly button. It is a symptom and not a disease.
  • Placenta previa occurs when the placenta grows in the lower part of the uterus during the later stages of pregnancy. This can partially or entirely block the cervix (the passage to the birth canal) and lead to bleeding.
  • The underlying cause of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an overproduction or a hypersensitivity to androgens in women.
  • Rectal Prolapse

    Rectal prolapse occurs when the rectum — the end of the large intestine — drops out of the anus.
  • Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)

    Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections people can get from having sex with someone who has the infection. There are more than 20 types of STDs, caused by bacteria, parasites and viruses.
  • Urinary incontinence is the loss of bladder control.
  • A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in the bladder, kidneys, ureters or urethra.
  • Uterine cancer occurs when cells begin growing abnormally in a woman’s womb, or uterus. Endometrial cancer, a type of uterine cancer, starts in the lining of the uterus, or endometrium.
  • Uterine fibroids (also called leiomyoma) are not cancer. Affecting as many as one in five women, these benign fibroid tumors grow in a woman’s uterus and may require treatment.  
  • Vaginal cancer occurs when there is abnormal cell growth in tissues of the vagina, or birth canal. 
  • Vaginal Pain

    Vaginal pain, pain that occurs only in the vaginal area or that spreads down from the pelvis or cervix, can be caused by a medical or psychological issue. The most common cause is infection, but it can also stem from a condition called dyspareunia (painful intercourse), trauma or another condition.
  • Vaginitis is inflammation of the vulva or vagina.
  • Vulvar cancer occurs when abnormal, or malignant, cell growth begins in the external genitalia.
  • Vulvodynia is vulvar pain without a clear cause. It may occur anywhere in the vulva, or external female genital area, which includes the vaginal opening, labia and clitoris.
  • Vaginal yeast infections (sometimes called thrush) can be caused by vaginal or hormonal changes, such as menopause, leading to itching around or in the vagina and discharge.