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The Health Benefits of Volunteering

How helping others will also help you stay healthy

A great many people volunteer their time and expertise every day, from serving hot meals at soup kitchens to running Friday night bingo at the local senior center.

If you've ever volunteered, you know how good it feels to help others.

And research shows that volunteering isn't just good for your sense of well-being; it's good for her health. The Health Benefits of Volunteering: A Review of Recent Research, compiled by the Corporation for National and Community Service, summarizes findings of multiple studies looking at the relationship between health and volunteering.

These findings consistently demonstrated a connection between volunteering and good health, including greater longevity, lower rates of depression, a lower incidence of heart disease and higher functional ability (the actual or potential ability to perform normal activities, often gauged by assessing the ability to perform activities of daily living). 

Volunteering and older adults: a bigger health bonus

Age could be a factor with regard to the positive effects of volunteering, with one study finding that volunteering among adults 60 and older provided physical and mental health benefits that were not found in midlife adults who volunteered.

The reason? Younger volunteers may not get as big of a health bonus by volunteering because it's often done out of a sense of obligation (e.g., putting in time at their children's school), whereas older adults are looking for more purposeful roles in their communities when volunteering. 

And research has shown that having a sense of purpose in life carries health benefits. According to a study led by Patricia Boyle, PhD, a neuropsychologist at the Rush Alzheimer's Disease Center, possessing a greater purpose in life is associated with lower mortality rates among older adults.

The study, published in Psychosomatic Medicine, found that a person with high purpose in life, one who derives meaning from life's experiences and possesses a sense of intentionality and goal directedness, was about half as likely to die during the study's five-year follow-up period than a person who lacked a high purpose. 

"Volunteering provides many older people with a deep sense of meaning," says Boyle. "Working toward a goal and feeling like you are making a contribution to society likely increases one's sense of purpose in life, which we have found contributes to successful aging."

Working toward a goal and feeling like you are making a contribution to society likely increases one's sense of purpose in life, which we have found contributes to successful aging.

Why being a do-gooder is good for you

Here are some findings cited in The Health Benefits of Volunteering: A Review of Recent Research:

  • People with chronic pain experienced a reduction in pain intensity and less disability when they started to work as peer volunteers for others suffering from chronic pain.
  • People who volunteer after a heart attack reported a reduction in despair and depression — factors that have been linked to an increased likelihood of death in heart attack patients.
  • Those who volunteered reported higher levels of happiness, life satisfaction, self-esteem, a sense of control over life and physical health, as well as lower levels of depression.
  • When it comes to volunteering and health benefits, however, there are limits. To get the health perks of volunteering, researchers have identified a volunteering threshold of one to two hours a week per year; beyond that, there are no additional health benefits.

So why not carve out some time to lend a hand. There are many volunteer opportunities in your community, with a wide range of commitment levels. So chances are you can find an activity you enjoy and do well that fits into your schedule.

And remember, a little good will go a long way toward improving other people's lives — and your own.

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