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Frequent Urination

The need or urge to urinate more frequently than normal can be caused by a variety of health conditions, including urinary incontinence, overactive bladder (sometimes referred to as urge incontinence) and pregnancy. 

Frequent urination: what you should know

  • Consider talking to your doctor about frequent urination if you experience the following:
    • Your daily routine is disrupted and affects your quality of life.
    • You need to urinate more than eight times a day or more than two times at night.
    • The urge to urinate is immediate, giving you little time to get to a bathroom.
    • You leak urine.
    • You also experience fever, back pain or vomiting.
    • You have vaginal or penile discharge.
  • Frequent urination can be caused for many reasons:
    • Pregnancy, which produces several changes that lead to more frequent urination:
      • Increased fluid in your body
      • A harder-working kidney
      • Hormonal adjustments
      • More pressure on the bladder
      • Weak muscles around the urethra
    • Conditions affecting the nervous system, such as Parkinson’s disease
    • Diabetes
    • Enlarged prostate (men)
    • Medications (such as those taken for high blood pressure)
    • Overactive bladder (when the bladder squeezes out urine at the wrong times)

How can I get help for frequent urination?

If frequent urination or the urge to urinate disrupts your daily routine, it’s time to call a doctor. Start by contacting your primary care doctor or OB-GYN. If necessary, your doctor will connect you with a urologist, urogynecologist or other specialist to address the root of your problem.

Care for people with frequent urination at Rush

Your doctor will want to figure out what’s causing the problem by first asking a series of questions, such as the following:

  • How often are you urinating?
  • What kinds of medications do you take?
  • What color is your urine?
  • Do you drink caffeinated or alcoholic beverages?

Based on your answers, your doctor will determine next steps. If necessary your doctor may suggest tests such as one or more of the following:

  • Urinalysis:  Detects and measures substances in your urine
  • Cystometry: Measures pressure inside your bladder to see how well it’s working
  • Neurological tests: Confirms or rules out neurological problems
  • Ultrasound: Visualizes internal body structures

Findings from tests will guide your doctor in making treatment recommendations or in referring you to a specialist to address any underlying problems.

Your doctor may recommend one treatment. Possible treatment recommendations include the following:

  • Medications
  • Bladder retraining (increasing the time between trips to the bathroom)
  • Kegel exercises (pelvic floor exercises)
  • Changing your diet (e.g., avoiding caffeine and carbonated drinks; increasing intake of high-fiber foods)
  • Monitoring and adjusting how much fluid you drink

Why choose Rush for frequent urination care

  • Primary care doctors and OB-GYNs at Rush can identify the problems underlying frequent urination and offer treatment solutions. These doctors are closely connected to specialists at Rush, who are available to provide additional care if necessary.

  • Rush has a program for abdominal and pelvic health problems that can address the full spectrum of issues related to the pelvic area. The program has a coordinator who will help you navigate the multiple specialists (including physical therapists and urogynecologists) you might need to see to find relief from frequent urination.

  • Urologists at Rush are part of a urology program ranked among the best in the country by U.S. News and World Report.


Departments and programs that treat this condition