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Colon and Rectal Surgery — Conditions We Treat

The following conditions are some of the most common conditions treated by specialists in this area. These specialists offer expert care for many other related medical problems. If you need care for a condition not listed here, please call (888) 352-RUSH (7874) to find a doctor who can help you.

  • Most anal cancers are squamous cell carcinomas that grow on the skin lining the inside of the anus. Anal cancer is rare and, if caught early, usually curable.
  • An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the anus, or the lower part of the rectum, where stool passes out of the body.
  • Blood in stool is a common symptom of hemorrhoids, anal fissures and many other conditions, including colorectal cancer. It can appear bright red, or it can turn stool black and tarry.
  • Colorectal cancer develops in the colon or rectum, two sections of the large intestine. Most colorectal cancers begin as polyps, or small lumps, that slowly turn into cancer over time.
  • Constipation is often defined as having a bowel movement fewer than three times a week. Other symptoms include hard stools, difficulty or straining when passing stools and pain during a bowel movement.
  • Crohn’s is a common type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in which the immune system attacks the intestines or other parts of the digestive tract.
  • Diverticulosis is when you have pouches that bulge out from your colon. Diverticulitis is when the pouches get infected or inflamed.
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis is an inherited condition that will lead to colon cancer if untreated. It is marked by abnormal benign growths, or polyps, in the colon (the large intestine) or rectum.  
  • Fecal incontinence, also called bowel incontinence or anal incontinence, is the inability to control bowel movements.
  • Fistulas are abnormal connections that form between an organ, vessel or intestine and another part of the body. While they sometimes close on their own, they often require treatment.
  • Hemorrhoids are swollen veins near the anus or lower rectum.
  • Hirschsprung’s Disease

    Hirschsprung’s disease is a genetic disorder in which certain nerves are missing from a person’s intestines. These missing nerves are responsible for moving stool along the intestines. This absence of nerves causes people with Hirschsprung’s disease to experience chronic constipation and obstructed intestines.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmited disease, or STD. This extremely common infection affects the genitals of men and women and in some instances can lead to genital warts and cancer.
  • Pelvic organ prolapse happens when organs can become dislodged and bulge out of the vagina or the anus. This happens when the pelvic floor — muscles and other tissues that support the bladder, uterus and other organs — becomes weakened or damaged.
  • Pilonidal disease, also called pilonidal dimple, develops in the crease between the buttocks. It can result in an abscess, cyst or pit.
  • Radiation Proctitis

    Radiation proctitis is inflammation of the rectum that results from radiation to the pelvic area. It may occur as a side effect of radiation therapy used to treat cancers of the uterus, prostate or rectum.
  • Rectal Prolapse

    Rectal prolapse occurs when the rectum — the end of the large intestine — drops out of the anus.
  • Rectocele occurs when the front wall of your rectum (the end of your large intestine) bulges into the back wall of your vagina.
  • Ulcerative colitis is a common type of inflammatory bowel disease that causes chronic inflammation and sores in the lining of the large intestine.