Cervical cancer is when there is abnormal cell growth that begins in the lower part of a woman’s uterus (the cervix). Most cervical cancer is caused by spread of the human papillomavirus, or HPV.
Cervical cancer: what you should know
- If caught early, your doctor can successfully treat cervical cancer. By having regular Pap tests and HPV tests, your doctor can test for early signs of this disease.
- Women who are 26 and younger may opt to have a vaccine to help protect against cervical cancer. The Centers for Disease Control advises that boys and girls begin getting vaccinated around 11 or 12.
- You can get HPV, which often leads to cervical cancer, through sex. Reduce your HPV risk by using latex condoms and limiting your number of sexual partners.
- Smoking increases your risk of getting cervical cancer.
How can I get help for cervical cancer?
Also talk to your primary care doctor or OB-GYN if you need the following:
- Pap test: to look for abnormal cells on the cervix
- HPV test
- HPV vaccination