A meningioma is a slow-growing, usually benign tumor that develops in the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. It can cause damage by pressing against the brain and causing problems with blood circulation.
Symptoms of meningioma
Meningioma symptoms can include the following:
- Weakness in an arm or leg
- Sensory changes
- Impaired brain function
Meningiomas: what you should know
- Meningiomas are among the most common primary brain tumors, accounting for about 15 percent of all brain tumors.
- Meningiomas occur more often in women and older adults.
- Previous radiation to the head may be a meningioma risk factor. Other risk factors may include neurofibromatosis type 2 and a history of breast cancer.
Care for meningiomas at Rush
Your doctor may recommend one of the following tests to determine if you have a meningioma:
- X-ray, MRI or CT scan
- Vision or hearing tests
- Lumbar puncture
Benign meningiomas are typically slow growing and may grow for years without causing any symptoms. Your doctor will work with you to determine an appropriate course of action, depending on the tumor’s location, size and aggressiveness, among other factors.
Treatment for mengiomas at Rush may include the following:
- Monitoring: For noncancerous meningiomas that are not causing symptoms, your doctor may recommend a wait-and-see approach. If the tumor grows and starts to create problems, it may need to be surgically removed.
- Radiation therapy, including stereotactic radiosurgery