Barrett’s esophagus is a change in the lining of the muscular tube that transports your food from your mouth to your stomach. In people who have Barrett’s, the tissue lining the esophagus becomes more like the tissue lining the small intestine.
This change sometimes results in dysplasia, abnormal cell growth that can lead to esophageal cancer.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the biggest risk factor for developing Barrett’s esophagus.
Barrett’s esophagus: what you should know
- About 10 percent of people with GERD have Barrett's esophagus.
- Five to 10 percent of people with Barrett’s esophagus develop esophageal cancer.
Barrett’s esophagus does not cause symptoms, but people who develop it often have other problems caused by GERD:
- Frequent heartburn
- Trouble swallowing
- Fluid at the back of the throat
- Diagnosing and treating GERD may help prevent Barrett’s esophagus.
How can I get help for Barrett’s esophagus?
If you have chronic acid reflux, or GERD, for more than three years, you should be tested for Barrett’s esophagus.
At Rush, gastroenterologists will likely use endoscopy to diagnose Barrett’s esophagus and look for the abnormal cell growth that can lead to esophageal cancer.
During an endoscopy, doctors use a specially designed scope to examine the esophagus and take tissue samples, when necessary. Doctors then examine the tissue samples for any abnormal cell growth.