The COMMIT Study: Combination Chemotherapy, Bevacizumab, and/or Atezolizumab in Treating Patients With Deficient DNA Mismatch Repair Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Clinical Trial Title

COMMIT Study: A Randomized Phase III Study of mFOLFOX6/Bevacizumab Combination Chemotherapy With or Without Atezolizumab in the First-Line Treatment of Patients With Deficient DNA Mismatch Repair (dMMR) Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

National Clinical Trial Number:

NCT02997228

Clinical Trial Protocol Description:

This randomized phase III trial studies how well combination chemotherapy, bevacizumab, and/or atezolizumab work in treating patients with deficient deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) mismatch repair colorectal cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and leucovorin calcium, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab and atezolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving combination chemotherapy, bevacizumab, and atezolizumab may work better in treating patients with colorectal cancer.

Clinical Trial Eligibility Criteria:

In order to participate you must meet the following criteria:

  • Are male or female, 18 years of age or older
  • The patient must have signed and dated an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved consent form that conforms to federal and institutional guidelines
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1 or 2
  • Diagnosis of metastatic adenocarcinoma of colon or rectum without previous chemotherapy or any other systemic therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (Exception: One cycle of mFOLFOX6/bevacizumab is allowed prior to randomization)
  • Tumor determined to be mismatch-repair deficient (dMMR) by Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA)-certified immunohistochemical (IHC) assay with a panel of all four IHC markers, including MLH1, MSH2, PMS2, and MSH6; Note: microsatellite instability high (MSI-H) diagnosed by microsatellite instability (MSI) testing (either Bethesda markers or Pentaplex panel) or by next-generation sequencing (NGS) is not eligible unless dMMR is confirmed by CLIA-certified immunohistochemical (IHC) assay with a panel of all four IHC markers including MLH1, MSH2, PMS2 and MSH6
  • An adequate amount of archived tumor tissue, either from primary colorectal cancer site or metastatic lesions, for central confirmation of dMMR status:
    • Either whole or part of the formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) block containing tumor tissue; or
    • At least 9 unstained slides containing tumor sections
  • Documentation by positron emission tomography(PET)/computed tomography (CT) scan, CT scan, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that the patient has measurable metastatic disease per RECIST 1.1
  • No immediate need for surgical intervention for the primary tumor or palliative diversion/bypass
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) must be >= 1500/mm^3 (obtained within 28 days prior randomization)
  • Platelet count must be >= 100,000/mm^3 (obtained within 28 days prior randomization)
  • Hemoglobin must be >= 8 g/dL (obtained within 28 days prior randomization)
  • Total bilirubin must be =< 1.5 x ULN (upper limit of normal) for the lab unless the patient has a bilirubin elevation > 1.5 x ULN to 3 x ULN due to Gilbert's disease or similar syndrome involving slow conjugation of bilirubin (obtained within 28 days prior randomization); and
  • Alkaline phosphatase must be =< 2.5 x ULN for the lab with the following exception: patients with documented liver metastases or bone involvement - alkaline phosphatase must be =< 5 x ULN (obtained within 28 days prior randomization); and
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) must be =< 3 x ULN for the lab with the following exception: for patients with documented liver metastases, AST and ALT must be =< 5 x ULN (obtained within 28 days prior randomization)
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN for the lab or measured (24 hour urine collection) or calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min (obtained within 28 days prior randomization)
  • A urine sample tested for proteinuria by either the dipstick method or a urine protein creatinine (UPC) ratio:
    • The dipstick method must indicate 0-1+ protein; if dipstick reading is >= 2+, a 24-hour urine must be done and it must demonstrate < 1.0 g of protein per 24 hours
    • A urine protein creatinine (UPC) ratio must be < 1.0; if the UPC ratio is >= 1.0 a 24-hour urine must be done and it must demonstrate < 1.0 g of protein per 24 hours
  • International normalized ratio of prothrombin time (INR) and prothrombin time (PT) must be =< 1.5 x ULN for the lab within 28 days before randomization; patients who are therapeutically treated with an agent such as warfarin may participate if they are on a stable dose and no underlying abnormality in coagulation parameters exists per medical history, regardless of PT/INR results
  • Pregnancy test done within 14 days prior randomization must be negative (for women of childbearing potential only); pregnancy testing should be performed according to institutional standards; administration of atezolizumab and/or mFOLFOX6/bevacizumab may have an adverse effect on pregnancy and poses a risk to the human fetus, including embryo-lethality; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception methods that result in a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 5 months (150 days) after the last dose of atezolizumab, 6 months after the last dose of bevacizumab, and 6 months after the last dose of mFOLFOX6; a woman is considered to be of childbearing potential if she is not postmenopausal, has not reached a postmenopausal state (>= 12 continuous months of amenorrhea with no identified cause other than menopause), and has not undergone surgical sterilization (removal of ovaries and/or uterus); examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year include: bilateral tubal ligation; male partner sterilization; intrauterine devices; the reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical study and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient; periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception; men must refrain from donating sperm during this same period

You will be excluded from the study if any of the following criteria apply to you:

  • Patients with central nervous system (CNS) metastases are excluded, with the following exceptions:
    • Patients with asymptomatic untreated CNS metastases may be enrolled, provided all eligibility criteria are met, as well as the following:
      • Evaluable or measurable disease outside the CNS
      • No metastases to brain stem, midbrain, pons, medulla, cerebellum, or within 10 mm of the optic apparatus (optic nerves and chiasm)
      • No history of intracranial hemorrhage or spinal cord hemorrhage
      • No ongoing requirement for dexamethasone for CNS disease; patients on a stable dose of anticonvulsants are permitted.
      • No neurosurgical resection or brain biopsy within 28 days prior to randomization
    • Patients with asymptomatic treated CNS metastases may be enrolled, provided all eligibility criteria are met, as well as the following:
      • No radiographic demonstration and no evidence of interim progression between the completion of CNS-directed therapy and the screening radiographic study
      • No stereotactic radiation or whole-brain radiation within 28 days prior to randomization
      • Screening CNS radiographic study >= 28 days from completion of radiotherapy and >= 14 days from discontinuation of corticosteroids
  • Known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant human antibodies, fluoropyrimidines, folic acid derivatives or oxaliplatin
  • Uncontrolled high blood pressure defined as systolic blood pressure (BP) > 150 mmHg or diastolic BP 90 mmHg with or without anti-hypertensive medication; patients with initial BP elevations are eligible if initiation or adjustment of BP medication lowers pressure to meet entry criteria
  • Any of the following cardiac conditions:
    • Documented New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV congestive heart failure
    • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to randomization
    • Unstable angina within 6 months prior to randomization
    • Symptomatic arrhythmia
  • Serious or non-healing wound, skin ulcer, or bone fracture
  • History of transient ischemic attack (TIA), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), gastrointestinal (GI) perforation or arterial thrombotic event within 6 months prior to randomization, symptomatic peripheral ischemia, or other medical condition in the opinion of the treating oncologist that makes the risk of cardiovascular or bleeding complications with bevacizumab use unacceptably high
  • Other malignancies are excluded unless the patient has completed therapy for the malignancy >= 12 months prior to randomization and is considered disease-free; patients with the following cancers are eligible if diagnosed and treated within the past 12 months: in situ carcinomas or basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  • Known DPD (dihydro pyrimidine dehydrogenase) deficiency
  • Symptomatic peripheral sensory neuropathy >= grade 2 (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version [v] 5.0) in patients with no prior oxaliplatin therapy
  • Prior treatment with oxaliplatin chemotherapy within 6 months prior to randomization (Exception: One cycle of mFOLFOX6/bevacizumab is allowed prior to randomization)
  • Prior treatment with anti-PD-1, or anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibody or pathway-targeting agents; patients who have received prior treatment with anti-CTLA-4 may be enrolled provided the following requirements are met:
    • Minimum of 12 weeks from the first dose of anti-CTLA-4 and > 6 weeks from the last dose to randomization
    • No history of severe immune-related adverse effects (CTCAE Grade 3 and 4) from anti-CTLA-4
  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events (other than alopecia) due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier are excluded; however, the following therapies are allowed:
    • Hormone-replacement therapy or oral contraception
    • Herbal therapy > 7 days prior to randomization (herbal therapy intended as anticancer therapy must be discontinued at least 1 week prior to randomization)
    • Palliative radiotherapy for bone metastases > 14 days prior to randomization
  • Treatment with systemic immunostimulatory medications (including, but not limited to interferon [IFN]-alpha or interleukin [IL]-2 within 42 days prior to randomization
  • Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medications (including, but not limited to, prednisone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-tumor necrosis factor [anti-TNF] agents) within 14 days prior to randomization; however,
    • Patients who have received acute, low dose, systemic immunosuppressant medications (e.g., a one-time dose of dexamethasone for nausea; or chronic daily treatment with corticosteroids with a dose of =< 10 mg/day methylprednisolone equivalent) may be enrolled
    • The use of inhaled corticosteroids and mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone) for patients with orthostatic hypotension or adrenocortical insufficiency is allowed
  • Patients taking bisphosphonate therapy for symptomatic hypercalcemia; use of bisphosphonate therapy for other reasons (e.g., bone metastasis or osteoporosis) is allowed
  • Patients requiring treatment with a receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) inhibitor (e.g., denosumab) who cannot discontinue it before treatment with atezolizumab
  • Treatment with any other investigational agent within 4 weeks prior to randomization
  • Known clinically significant liver disease, including active viral, alcoholic, or other hepatitis; cirrhosis; fatty liver; and inherited liver disease; however,
    • Patients with past or resolved hepatitis B infection (defined as having a negative hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test and a positive anti-HBc [antibody to hepatitis B core antigen] antibody test) are eligible if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for HBV RNA is negative per local guidelines
    • Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA) per local guidelines
    • History or risk of autoimmune disease, including, but not limited to, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjogren's syndrome, Bell's palsy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune thyroid disease, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis; however,
      • Patients with a history of autoimmune hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone may be eligible
      • Patients with controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus on a stable insulin regimen may be eligible
      • Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus or vitiligo with dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., patients with psoriatic arthritis would be excluded) are permitted provided that they meet the following conditions:
        • Patients with psoriasis must have a baseline ophthalmologic exam to rule out ocular manifestations
        • Rash must cover less than 10% of body surface area (BSA)
        • Disease is well controlled at baseline and only requiring low potency topical steroids (e.g., hydrocortisone 2.5%, hydrocortisone butyrate 0.1%, fluocinolone 0.01%, desonide 0.05%, alclometasone dipropionate 0.05%)
        • No acute exacerbations of underlying condition within the last 12 months (not requiring psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation [PUVA], methotrexate, retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors; high potency or oral steroids)
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonitis (including drug induced), organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchiolitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, etc.), or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan; history of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted
  • History of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins
  • Patients with known active tuberculosis (TB) are excluded
  • Severe infections within 28 days prior to randomization, including but not limited to, hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia
  • Signs or symptoms of infection within 14 days prior to randomization
  • Received oral or intravenous (IV) antibiotics within 14 days prior to randomization; patients receiving prophylactic antibiotics (e.g., for prevention of a urinary tract infection or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are eligible
  • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to randomization or anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure during the course of the study
  • Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 28 days prior to randomization or anticipation that such a live, attenuated vaccine will be required during the study and up to 5 months after the last dose of atezolizumab; Note: influenza vaccination should be given during influenza season only (approximately October to March); patients must not receive live, attenuated influenza vaccine within 28 days prior to randomization or at any time during the study

This is a partial list of eligibility requirements. To inquire about your eligibility, please call the contact number provided. If you wish to inquire via email, please include the title of the study in your message.

Study Details

Clinical Trial Investigator

Joseph T. Meschi, MD

Contact Information

Amanda Baker