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Urology — Conditions We Treat

The following conditions are some of the most common conditions treated by specialists in this area. These specialists offer expert care for many other related medical problems. If you need care for a condition not listed here, please call (888) 352-RUSH (7874) to find a doctor who can help you.

  • As men age, their prostate gland often grows larger. This is referred to as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or an enlarged prostate. BPH can interfere with your quality of life by causing bothersome urinary symptoms, such as incontinence and difficulty urinating.
  • Bladder cancer develops in the tissues of the bladder. It is usually caught early and is highly treatable.
  • Erectile dysfunction (ED) occurs when a man cannot maintain an erection. Causes of ED include a combination of physical and emotional problems.
  • The need or urge to urinate more frequently than normal can be caused by a variety of health conditions, including urinary incontinence, overactive bladder (sometimes referred to as urge incontinence) and pregnancy.
  • Hematuria is the presence of blood in the urine. It can be caused by a urinary tract infection, trauma or a virus.
  • A hydrocele is a sac of fluid in the scrotum, the pouch of skin under the penis. The fluid surrounds the testicle, making it look swollen.
  • Infertility is the inability of a sexually active couple to achieve pregnancy after more than a year.
  • Interstitial cystitis (IC), often called painful bladder syndrome, occurs when the bladder is inflamed.
  • Kidney cancer is typically a single tumor that develops in one kidney. However, it can sometimes affect both kidneys. Surgery to remove part or all of the kidney is typically the first treatment for kidney cancer.
  • The most common cause of a kidney infection is an untreated urinary tract infection (UTI). When the bacteria from the bladder reach the kidneys, the infection becomes more serious. 
  • A kidney stone is a solid material that forms when urine contains high levels of certain substances. The stone can be extremely painful if it blocks the flow of urine from the kidney to the bladder.
  • Low Testosterone

    Low testosterone levels can cause a variety of symptoms in men, including loss of sexual function and decreased muscle mass. Levels of testosterone, the most important male sex hormone, decrease naturally with age. Testosterone therapy can sometimes help with symptoms caused by low levels of the hormone.
  • Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS)

    Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are a common, particularly for older men. These symptoms include frequent urination, increased urge to urinate, painful urination, poor stream, incontinence and urine retention.
  • Neurogenic bladder occurs when an illness or injury damages the nerves needed for normal urination. When this happens, your nerves and muscles do not communicate correctly — and your bladder does not fill or empty properly.
  • Nocturia

    Nocturia is the need to urinate two or more times during the night. It is most common in people older than 60.
  • Pelvic organ prolapse happens when organs can become dislodged and bulge out of the vagina or the anus. This happens when the pelvic floor — muscles and other tissues that support the bladder, uterus and other organs — becomes weakened or damaged.
  • Peyronie’s Disease

    Peyronie’s disease is a penis disorder. In men who have it, scar tissue that has developed under the skin of the penis causes the penis to bend when erect.
  • Phimosis

    Phimosis is tightness of the foreskin that makes it impossible to fully pull back over the head of the penis. Phimosis is normal in uncircumcised babies and young children. In some cases, it results from infection or another problem. It should be treated if it makes urination difficult or interferes with sexual function.
  • Priapism

    Priapism is a prolonged erection not caused by sexual stimulation. It should be treated promptly to avoid tissue damage that could later cause erectile dysfunction (ED).
  • Prostate cancer is a cancer that forms in the prostate, a gland in a man’s reproductive system. It is typically a slow-growing cancer that most often occurs in older men.
  • Testicular cancer develops in one or both testicles — part of the reproductive system that produces male hormones and sperm. It is a highly curable cancer, particularly when you find and treat it early.
  • UPJ Obstruction

    UPJ obstruction (uretropelvic junction obstruction) is when the flow of urine out of the kidney becomes blocked, which can cause urine to build up and potentially damage the kidney. This happens mostly in children, and often when a baby is developing in the womb.
  • Urinary incontinence is the loss of bladder control.
  • A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in the bladder, kidneys, ureters or urethra.
  • Varicocele

    Varicocele is swelling of the veins inside of a man’s scrotum, along the cord that holds up the testicles. A variocele is typically harmless, but it can cause infertility. Often, treatment is not needed unless the pain does not go away or other symptoms develop.
  • Vesicoureteral Reflux

    Vesicoureteral reflux is when urine does not flow normally from the bladder to the upper urinary tract, and may flow back (reflux) into the ureters or kidneys. This condition occurs more often in infants and children. The most common symptom is urinary tract infection, although often there are no symptoms.