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Chemotherapy — Conditions We Treat

  • Most anal cancers are squamous cell carcinomas that grow on the skin lining the inside of the anus. Anal cancer is rare and, if caught early, usually curable.
  • Bile is a substance the  liver makes to help digest fat. Bile ducts carry it from the liver to the gallbladder and then, during digestion, to the small intestine. Bile duct cancer is rare, but the experienced doctors at Rush have expertise in treating it.
  • Bladder cancer develops in the tissues of the bladder. It is usually caught early and is highly treatable.
  • A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue in the brain. Brain tumors can be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign).
  • Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. It can develop in several locations, including the milk duct (the tube that carries milk to the nipple) and the milk lobule (where milk is produced).
  • Cervical cancer is abnormal cell growth that begins in the lower part of a woman’s uterus (the cervix).
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) are the same disease. It is a slow-growing  cancer that develops when lymphocytes, a mature type of white blood cell, do not fully develop. These abnormal lymphocytes do not fight infection well and crowd out healthy blood cells.
  • Colorectal cancer develops in the colon or rectum, two sections of the large intestine. Most colorectal cancers begin as polyps, or small lumps, that slowly turn into cancer over time.
  • Endometrial Cancer

    Endometrial cancer is a type of uterine cancer that starts in the endometrium, the tissue that lines the uterus. Endometrial cancer symptoms include abnormal bleeding from the vagina (either heavy or prolonged bleeding or bleeding between periods). An endometrial biopsy is one of the tests used to diagnose endometrial cancer.
  • Esophageal cancer is cancer of the esophagus, the tube that takes food from the mouth to the stomach. Adenocarcinoma, the most common type of esophageal cancer in the United States, can result from gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD) and Barrett’s esophagus.
  • Head and neck tumors are those that grow in the nose, sinuses, mouth (oral cavity), throat (pharynx), voice box (larynx), salivary glands, lymph nodes in the neck, thyroid gland or parathyroid glands. They can be cancerous or noncancerous (benign).
  • Hodgkin lymphoma is a cancer of the white blood cells, which play a key role in the immune system.
  • Medulloblastoma is a rare, malignant brain tumor most commonly found in people under 25 years old. It is a fast-growing tumor and can metastasize (spread) to other parts of the brain and spine.
  • Multiple myeloma is a rare blood cancer that starts in plasma cells in bone marrow. Multiple myeloma tumors weaken your bones and prevent bone marrow from producing healthy blood cells or fighting infection.
  • Neuroblastoma is a type of cancer that forms in the nerve tissue of the adrenal gland, neck, chest or spinal cord. It most often affects children under the age of 5 and begins in the adrenal glands, located just above the kidneys.
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is cancer that starts in cells called lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell that helps the body fight infection.
  • Ovarian cancer occurs when abnormal cells divide uncontrollably in a woman’s ovarian tissue.
  • The pancreas is an organ that helps the body digest food and use it as energy. The two main types of pancreatic cancer are exocrine pancreatic cancer, which is the most common, and endocrine pancreatic cancer.
  • Soft tissue sarcomas are cancerous tumors that begin in the muscle, fat, nerves, tendons, blood vessels or connective tissues. Most are found in an arm or leg, or the abdomen (stomach) area.
  • Testicular cancer develops in one or both testicles — part of the reproductive system that produces male hormones and sperm. It is a highly curable cancer, particularly when you find and treat it early.
  • Cancer of the thyroid, a small gland located at the front of the neck, is usually slow-growing. With proper diagnosis and treatment, most people who have thyroid cancer will be cured.
  • Uterine cancer occurs when cells begin growing abnormally in a woman’s womb, or uterus. Endometrial cancer, a type of uterine cancer, starts in the lining of the uterus, or endometrium.
  • Vulvar cancer occurs when abnormal, or malignant, cell growth begins in the external genitalia.