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Conditions Treated

The following conditions are some of the most common conditions treated by specialists in this area. These specialists offer expert care for many other related medical problems. If you need care for a condition not listed here, please call (888) 352-RUSH (7874) to find a doctor who can help you.

  • Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs when the heart isn’t receiving enough blood. It is a symptom of an underlying heart problem, usually coronary artery disease.
  • Aortic stenosis is a narrowing of the aortic valve that decreases blood flow into the aorta, the main artery carrying blood out of the heart.
  • An arrhythmia is any change in rate or rhythm of your heartbeat (irregular heartbeat). A heart may beat too quickly (tachycardia), too slowly (bradycardia) or in an irregular pattern.
  • Atrial fibrillation, the most common type of arrhythmia, is a serious condition that causes an irregular, and often fast, heartbeat. This makes the heart pump blood less effectively, weakening the heart and potentially leading to blood clots, stroke or congestive heart failure.
  • Atrial septal defect is a hole between the upper two chambers of the heart that exists at birth, which may increase the amount of blood that enters the lungs.
  • Atrioventricular Canal Defect

    Atrioventricular canal defect, or AV canal defect, is a heart defect one is born with (congenital heart defect). It occurs when a hole or holes are present between the chambers of the heart, allowing blood to flow where it normally would not go. It is also known as endocardial cushion defect or atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD).
  • Cardiomyopathy

    Cardiomyopathy refers to diseases of the heart muscle. Cardiomyopathy can make heart muscle larger or more rigid, which can make it harder for the heart to pump blood properly and maintain a normal rhythm. This can lead to heart failure or arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats).
  • Congenital heart defects are structural problems in a baby’s heart that do not allow the heart to work properly. 
  • Endocarditis

    Endocarditis is an infection in the lining of heart chambers and valves. The infection occurs when bacteria or other germs make their way through the blood to abnormal areas of the heart. Endocarditis occurs more often in people who have congenital heart defects (ones they are born with) or other heart damage.
  • A heart murmur is an abnormal or extra sound from a heartbeat. While the majority of cases are harmless, some signal underlying problems that require medical attention.
  • Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries as the heart pumps blood. High blood pressure (hypertension) occurs when that force is too high and begins harming the heart and blood vessels.
  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is an abnormal thickening of the heart muscle. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can cause abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmia) or a blockage of blood flow out of the ventricle. It is a common cause of sudden cardiac death in young athletes.
  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome occurs when parts of the left side of the heart do not form properly. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a congenital birth defect (something people are born with) that affects the mitral valve, aorta, aortic valve and left ventricle. In people with this condition, the left side of the heart is not able to pump enough blood to the body.
  • Kawasaki disease (also called mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome) is a rare childhood disease. In this form of vasculitis, any type of blood vessels can become inflamed. If Kawasaki disease (KD) affects the coronary arteries that carry blood to the heart, serious heart problems may develop.
  • Patent ductus arteriosus occurs when a blood vessel that normally closes after birth remains open. That allows oxygen-rich blood to flow back into the lungs, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly.
  • Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is an opening in the upper chambers of the heart due to a flap of tissue that failed to close normally after birth.
  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    Rheumatic heart disease is heart disease caused by rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that can develop in people who have had strep throat, scarlet fever or other infections caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. It often damages heart valves, leading to lifelong heart disease.
  • Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT)

    Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is a type of arrhythmia where the heart beats too fast because of a glitch with the heart’s electrical system originating in the two top chambers (atria). During episodes of SVT — which come on suddenly and are usually brief — the heart rate speeds up to as high as 300 beats a minute (a normal rate is 60 to 100 beats a minute). SVT may require treatment if it happens frequently, lasts longer than a few minutes or causes symptoms.
  • Tetralogy of Fallot is a relatively rare condition that affects about 3 in 10,000 live births. Heart specialists at Rush pool their expertise to provide lifelong care for people with tetralogy of Fallot and other congenital heart defects.
  • Transposition of the great arteries (TGA), also referred to as dextro-transposition of the great arteries or D-TGA, is a congenital heart defect in which the two major vessels that carry blood away from the heart — the aorta and the pulmonary artery — are switched. It is a relatively rare condition, affecting 20 to 30 infants per 100,000 live births.
  • Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)

    Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital heart defect in which a baby has one or more holes in the wall that separates the heart’s right and left ventricles. Some babies with VSD have no symptoms, but if the hole is large, too much blood will get pumped to the lungs, leading to heart failure.
  • Ventricular Tachycardia (VT)

    Ventricular tachycardia (VT) is a rapid heartbeat (a pulse rate of more than 100 beats per minute, with at least three irregular heartbeats in a row) that originates in the heart’s lower chambers (ventricles). It can develop after a heart attack or in people with heart failure, cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, heart valve disease or congenital heart disease. Symptoms — including pounding heart, shortness of breath, chest pain and dizziness — often come on suddenly and go away on their own.