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Conditions Treated

The following conditions are some of the most common conditions treated by specialists in this area. These specialists offer expert care for many other related medical problems. If you need care for a condition not listed here, please call (888) 352-RUSH (7874) to find a doctor who can help you.

  • Achalasia is a rare disorder of the esophagus that drastically limits your ability to move food and liquids through your esophagus to your stomach.
  • An acoustic neuroma is a benign, often slow-growing tumor of the nerve that connects the ear and the brain. Also known as a vestibular schwannoma, the tumor can damage important nerves as it grows. This can affect hearing and balance.
  • Allergic rhinitis is an allergic reaction to inhaled substances. There are two main types: seasonal allergic rhinitis and perennial allergic rhinitis. Symptoms may include sneezing, itchy eyes and hoarseness. 
  • Anosmia

    Anosmia is loss of the sense of smell. Anosmia can be a natural part of the aging process. However, because it can also be a sign of a serious medical condition, it is important to discuss any loss of smell with a doctor.
  • Barrett’s esophagus is a change in the lining of the muscular tube that transports your food from the mouth to the stomach. In people who have Barrett’s, the tissue lining the esophagus becomes more like the tissue lining the small intestine.
  • A cholesteatoma is a benign skin cyst located in the middle ear. It can affect hearing and balance and cause ear damage if untreated.
  • Cleft Lip

    Cleft lip occurs when a baby’s lip tissue does not join completely during pregnancy. A cleft lip can be a notch in the upper lip or a split that goes from the upper lip to the nose. In some babies, a cleft lip can also occur with a cleft palate.
  • Cleft Palate

    Cleft palate occurs when a baby’s palate (roof of the mouth) tissue does not join completely during pregnancy. A cleft palate can be open in the front or back of the mouth or both. In some babies, a cleft palate can also occur with a cleft lip.
  • Adult and pediatric specialists at Rush treat conditions causing chronic cough, which lasts for weeks, affects quality of life and has many causes.
  • ENT specialists at Rush can surgically repair your deviated septum, as well as treat chronic sinusitis, obstructive sleep apnea and other related conditions.
  • Dysphagia is the medical term for difficulty swallowing food, liquid or saliva. Many different nerves and muscles are involved in the process of chewing food transferring it from the mouth to the stomach, and any problem that affects this process can result in dysphagia.
  • Dysphonia, which affects your ability to speak easily, is treated by specialists at the Voice, Airway and Swallowing Program at Rush University Medical Center.
  • Pediatric ear, nose and throat specialists at Rush treat complex, frequent ear infections (otitis media), one of the most common childhood infections.
  • Facial paralysis or weakness can profoundly affect the way you function and interact with others. The Rush Facial Nerve Disorders and Rehabilitation Program offers comprehensive evaluation and advanced treatments for disorders affecting the facial nerve, including Bell's palsy.
  • Head and neck tumors are those that grow in the nose, sinuses, mouth (oral cavity), throat (pharynx), voice box (larynx), salivary glands, lymph nodes in the neck, thyroid gland or parathyroid glands. They can be cancerous or noncancerous (benign).
  • Audiologists and ENTs at Rush provide comprehensive assessment and treatment for hearing loss, including surgery, hearing aids, cochlear implants and auditory osseointegrated implants.
  • Laryngitis is an inflammation and swelling of the voice box (larynx). If you have laryngitis, you may lose your voice or be hoarse.
  • Specialists at Rush's Voice, Airway and Swallowing Program have expertise treating laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), which is related to gastroesophagal reflux (GERD) and can cause such symptoms as persistent cough, hoarseness and difficulty swallowing.
  • Meniere's Disease

    Meniere's disease is a condition that causes ringing in the ears, vertigo and hearing loss, among other symptoms. These symptoms are the result of fluid buildup in the inner ear. Meniere’s disease most commonly develops in people who are between 40 and 60 years old.
  • A meningioma is a slow-growing, usually benign tumor that develops in the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. It can cause damage by pressing against the brain and causing problems with blood circulation.
  • Nasal Polyps

    Nasal polyps are noncancerous growths on the lining of the nose or sinuses. Small ones generally do not cause symptoms. Large ones often lead to sinus infections and cold-like symptoms, and can be removed. People with asthma and allergic rhinitis are more likely to develop nasal polyps.
  • Neuroblastoma is a type of cancer that forms in the nerve tissue of the adrenal gland, neck, chest or spinal cord. It most often affects children under the age of 5 and begins in the adrenal glands, located just above the kidneys.
  • Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), also known as von Recklinghausen’s disease, is a genetic disorder of the nervous system that causes tumors to grow along nerves in the skin and nerves of the brain and spinal cord.
  • Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is a genetic disorder that causes noncancerous tumors to grow in the nervous system.
  • Oral cancer is cancer of any of the parts of the mouth (sometimes referred to as the oral cavity and oropharynx). Oral cancer can occur in the tongue, lips, gums, hard palate (the front part of the roof of the mouth), soft palate (the back part of the roof) and the oropharynx (a part of the throat behind the mouth), along with other areas of the mouth. Also known as mouth cancer, oral cancer is a type of head and neck cancer.
  • Osteomyelitis is a bone infection caused by bacteria, a fungus or other germs.
  • Otosclerosis

    Otosclerosis is an ear condition caused by abnormal regeneration of bone in the middle ear. Its most common symptom is gradual hearing loss.
  • Paraganglioma

    Paragangliomas are rare tumors that form near the carotid artery, along nerve pathways in the head and neck, and in other parts of the body. Paragangliomas are a type of neuroendocrine tumor.
  • Ruptured Eardrum

    Ruptured eardrum is a hole in the eardrum. Also called the tympanic membrane, the eardrum is a piece of thin connective tissue that separates the outer ear from the middle ear. Possible causes of damage to the eardrum include infection, injury or extremely loud noises.
  • Schwannoma is a slow-growing tumor stemming from the cells that protect the nerve fibers. These tumors can grow anywhere along the nerve system and usually not cancerous.
  • Sinus and skull base tumors, which can be cancerous or noncancerous (benign), grow in the area behind the eyes and nose that extends to the base of the skull. Even when these tumors are not cancerous, they can still cause problems as they grow and start to press against the brain, vital nerves or major blood vessels.
  • Sinusitis is an inflammation or swelling of the sinuses, which are the hollow spaces in the bones of the face. It occurs when the nasal passages become swollen — usually due to a cold or respiratory allergies — and don’t allow the sinuses to drain the mucus they produce. Sinusitis is sometimes referred to as a sinus infection or rhinosinusitis.
  • Sleep apnea is a common, potentially life-threatening sleep disorder that most commonly occurs when a person's airway collapses or becomes blocked (this is called obstructive sleep apnea). People with sleep apnea experience pauses in their breathing or shallow breathing while they are asleep.
  • Snoring occurs when the soft tissue surrounding the upper airway vibrates as you breathe. It is quite common — about half of all adults snore occasionally. Men snore more than women, and people who are overweight are also more prone to snoring. While snoring can disrupt your bed partner's sleep, it can also cause frequent awakenings at night and daytime sleepiness for the person who snores.
  • If you or your child have been diagnosed with subglottic stenosis or are having breathing problems and don't know why, pediatric ENT specialists and experts with Rush's Voice, Airway and Swallowing Program can help.
  • Swimmer's Ear

    Swimmer's ear, also called otitis externa, is an infection of the ear canal. It results from exposure to bacteria or fungi and often develops in people who spend a lot of time in water.
  • Throat cancer is cancer of any of the parts of the throat. The throat (or pharynx) starts behind the nose and continues into the esophagus. Throat cancer is a kind of head and neck cancer.
  • Tinnitus is the perception of a ringing or buzzing sound in the ears when there’s no actual sound. If it becomes bothersome, an otolaryngologist or audiologist can help.
  • Tonsillitis is swelling of the tonsils that can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Tonsils are lymph nodes in the back of the throat that help filter germs and prevent infection.
  • Vertigo is a sensation of motion — a feeling that you are spinning or moving while standing still, or that the world is spinning around you. Some people describe vertigo as a feeling of dizziness.
  • Vocal Cord Dysfunction

    Vocal cord dysfunction is when the vocal cords do not behave normally: Instead of opening when a person breathes, the vocal cords close. An attack of VCD can come on suddenly and cause symptoms similar to asthma symptoms, including shortness of breath, wheezing and a feeling of suffocation.