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Tests & Treatments

The following tests and treatments are some of the most common tests and treatments offered by specialists in this area. These specialists offer many other advanced tests and treatments for a wide range of medical problems. Please call (888) 352-RUSH (7874) if you have questions about specific tests or treatments not listed here.

  • Angiogram

    Angiogram is an X-ray exam of the blood vessels to diagnose blockages, narrowing or other blood vessel problems. Also referred to as angiography, this procedure uses a special dye (or contrast agent) to make the blood vessels visible.
  • Angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure used to open a coronary (heart) artery that is completely or mostly clogged with deposits of fat and cholesterol called plaque.
  • Arthrogram

    Arthrogram is an X-ray of your joint using a special dye (or contrast agent) to make the soft tissues visible. Also referred to as arthrography, this joint X-ray is often used to find more detailed information about conditions that affect joints such as arthritis.
  • A bone scan is a test where radioactive material is injected to image bones in the body. It is used to diagnose bone conditions or to see whether treatment for bone cancer is working.
  • CT Scan

    CT scan (or computed tomography scan) is an imaging procedure that uses a combination of X-rays and computer technology to produce cross-sectional images (often called slices) of the body. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including bone, muscle and organs.
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)

    Electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test that measures the electrical activity of the brain. It is often referred to as a brain-wave test. An EEG is useful in diagnosing and treating many neurological disorders. An EEG is performed by attaching electrodes to the scalp and recording the brain’s activity.
  • Fluoroscopy

    Fluoroscopy is a type of X-ray imaging that produces real-time moving images inside the body. It is used to help diagnose diseases or to guide physicians during certain treatment procedures, such as angiography and joint replacement.
  • Kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty are minimally invasive surgical procedures. They are used to treat painful compression fractures of the thoracic spine (mid- and upper back) or lumbar spine (low back) caused by osteoporosis, cancer or trauma.
  • Lung cancer screening helps doctors find lung cancer in its early stages, when it is most treatable. Rush offers annual lung cancer screening for patients at high risk for developing lung cancer using low-dose computer tomography (CT).
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of large magnets, radiofrequencies and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body.
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS)

    Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a diagnostic procedure that measures the levels of specific chemicals in body tissues to help diagnose diseases of the brain and other organs.
  • The National Cancer Institute (NCI) recommends two methods for breast cancer screening: a high-quality screening mammogram — a breast X-ray — and breast exams performed by a health professional (not self-exams). To be effective, these need to be performed regularly.
  • Myelogram

    Myelogram is an x-ray procedure used to check for problems of the spine. Doctors may use a myelogram to help determine the cause of back pain, weakness or numbness and pain in the arms or legs.
  • Nuclear Medicine

    Nuclear medicine is a specialty that uses a combination of special cameras and small amounts of radioactive materials to create images of the inside of the body. The most common types of nuclear scans are single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET).
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET)

    Positron emission tomography (PET) is a method doctors use to diagnose a variety of diseases, including several types of cancer. PET uses a small amount of a radioactive substance and a computer to create images of the inside of a patient’s body.
  • Radiography

    Radiography is a general term for procedures doctors use to take pictures of the inside of the body using radiation. Common types of radiographic imaging include X-rays, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Doctors use these tests to diagnose a wide variety of conditions, from broken bones to neurological diseases to cancer.
  • Ultrasound

    Ultrasound is a kind of imaging that uses high-frequency sound waves to see inside the body. It is used to view the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, liver and other organs, as well as a fetus during pregnancy. Unlike an X-ray, ultrasound does not expose a person to radiation.
  • X-Ray

    X-ray imaging, which uses a type of radiation called electromagnetic waves, creates images of the inside of the body. It is most often used to look for broken bones but has other uses as well, such as diagnosing cancer. Although an X-ray emits radiation, the amount is relatively small.