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Heart and Vacular Treatments

The experienced, highly skilled cardiologists and cardiac surgeons at Rush University Medical Center offer many advanced tests and treatment options for a wide range of heart and vascular problems and conditions. These are some of the tests and treatments they provide. Please call (888) 352-RUSH (7874) if you have questions about specific tests or treatment options not listed here.

  • Angiogram

    Angiogram is an X-ray exam of the blood vessels to diagnose blockages, narrowing or other blood vessel problems. Also referred to as angiography, this procedure uses a special dye (or contrast agent) to make the blood vessels visible.
  • Angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure used to open a coronary (heart) artery that is completely or mostly clogged with deposits of fat and cholesterol called plaque.
  • Carotid Endarterectomy

    Carotid endarterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove plaque build-up from the carotid artery in the neck, improving or restoring the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the brain. It can help lower the risk of stroke in people with carotid artery disease. Once the plaque has been removed, a stent (a wire mesh tube) may then be placed inside the artery to reduce the risk of re-narrowing.  
  • Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)

    Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is an open surgical procedure used to improve blood flow to the heart in people with severe coronary artery disease. During CABG, a healthy artery or vein taken from another part of the body is connected to the blocked coronary artery to bypass the blockage, creating a new path for blood to flow to the heart muscle.  
  • Extra-Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO)

    Extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a life-saving therapy for patients with severe cardiopulmonary (heart or lung) failure who don't respond to conventional therapy. Historically ECMO therapy was thought of as a salvage therapy, but thanks to our innovative and individualizes care plans, the majority of ECMO patients at Rush survive to be discharged from the hospital. In fact, for years, our survival rate has exceeded the international average for both respiratory (lung) and cardiac (heart) ECMO.
  • Transcatheter mitral valve repair with the MitraClip device is used to treat severe, symptomatic mitral regurgitation. Interventional cardiologists at the Rush Center for Adult Structural Heart Disease have been leaders in clinical trials that helped bring this innovative procedure — the first transcatheter approach for mitral valve repair — to patients.
  • Electrophysiologists at Rush University Medical Center offer the latest in pacemaker technology, including leadless pacemakers (e.g., Micra) and His bundle pacing, to treat arrhythmias.
  • Peripheral Arterial Bypass Surgery

    Peripheral arterial bypass surgery is a procedure used to improve blood flow to the limbs and relieve symptoms in people with peripheral vascular disease. During the procedure, a healthy artery or vein taken from another part of the body is connected to the blocked artery to bypass the blockage, creating a new path for blood to flow.  
  • Stent Placement

    Stent placement is often done as part of an angioplasty procedure to widen and restore blood flow through blood vessels that have become narrowed, as well as to reduce the risk of brain and abdominal aortic aneurysms rupturing. A stent (a metal mesh or fabric tube) is used to prevent re-narrowing or reinforce a weak area in a blood vessel. After coil embolization to seal off a wide-necked aneurysm, a stent may be needed to create a barrier that keeps the coil in place.  
  • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), also called transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), is a minimally invasive procedure to replace a diseased aortic valve. It is used to treat severe aortic stenosis, a type of valve disease in which the aortic valve becomes narrowed over time, reducing blood flow from the heart into the aorta.
  • Valve Replacement

    Valve replacement is when a faulty heart valve is removed and replaced with either a biological or man-made valve. It is usually done when the valve cannot be repaired. Aortic and pulmonary valves are more likely to need replacing than mitral valves. There are many approaches to valve replacement, including traditional surgery, minimally invasive surgery and catheter-based procedures.  
  • Valvuloplasty

    Valvuloplasty, or balloon valvuloplasty, is a catheter-based procedure used to treat heart valves that don’t open properly. During the procedure, a balloon threaded through a catheter is inflated to widen the opening of the valve, improving the valve’s function and blood flow. It is most effective in treating narrowed pulmonary valves and is also a good option for mitral valve stenosis.  
  • Cardiologists and cardiac surgeons in Rush's Advanced Heart Failure and Mechanical Circulatory Support Program offer ventricular assist devices for either temporary heart support or as long-term therapy for people who can't have heart transplants.