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Abdominal and Pelvic Health Program — Conditions We Treat

The following conditions are some of the most common conditions treated by specialists in this area. These specialists offer expert care for many other related medical problems. If you need care for a condition not listed here, please call (888) 352-RUSH (7874) to find a doctor who can help you.

  • Abdominal pain, also called stomach pain or belly pain, is pain below the chest and above the groin. It is a symptom and not a condition.
  • Blood in stool is a common symptom of hemorrhoids, anal fissures and many other conditions, including colorectal cancer. It can appear bright red, or it can turn stool black and tarry.
  • Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria. It can affect men and women and lead to infertility in women if untreated.
  • Colorectal cancer develops in the colon or rectum, two sections of the large intestine. Most colorectal cancers begin as polyps, or small lumps, that slowly turn into cancer over time.
  • Constipation is often defined as having a bowel movement fewer than three times a week. Other symptoms include hard stools, difficulty or straining when passing stools and pain during a bowel movement.
  • If the pelvic floor becomes weakened or damaged — for example, during childbirth — the vaginal wall can collapse, allowing the bladder to bulge into the vagina. This is called cystocele, or prolapsed bladder.
  • Diarrhea is when you pass loose, watery stools at least three times a day.
  • Diverticulosis is when you have pouches that bulge out from your colon. Diverticulitis is when the pouches get infected or inflamed.
  • Vaginal pain during sex is a symptom with several possible causes, most of which are highly treatable.
  • Endometriosis is when tissue from your uterus has moved into other areas of your body, such as your pelvic area.
  • If the pelvic floor becomes weakened or damaged — for example, during childbirth — the small intestine, or small bowel, can start bulging into the vagina, causing pain and discomfort. This is called enterocele.
  • Erectile dysfunction (ED) occurs when a man cannot maintain an erection. Causes of ED include a combination of physical and emotional problems.
  • Fecal incontinence, also called bowel incontinence or anal incontinence, is the inability to control bowel movements.
  • Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes muscle pain in the muscles, ligaments and tendons, fatigue and "tender points” that hurt when even a little pressure is applied.
  • Fistulas are abnormal connections that form between an organ, vessel or intestine and another part of the body. While they sometimes close on their own, they often require treatment.
  • Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a type of bacteria. Both men and women can become infected.
  • Hemorrhoids are swollen veins near the anus or lower rectum.
  • Interstitial cystitis (IC), often called painful bladder syndrome, occurs when the bladder is inflamed.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the name for a group of gastrointestinal symptoms — such as abdominal pain, constipation and diarrhea — that may have no clear cause.
  • Pelvic organ prolapse happens when organs can become dislodged and bulge out of the vagina or the anus. This happens when the pelvic floor — muscles and other tissues that support the bladder, uterus and other organs — becomes weakened or damaged.
  • Pelvic pain is pain that occurs in the lowest part of the abdomen, below the belly button. It is a symptom and not a disease.
  • The underlying cause of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an overproduction or a hypersensitivity to androgens in women.
  • Rectocele occurs when the front wall of your rectum (the end of your large intestine) bulges into the back wall of your vagina.
  • Urinary incontinence is the loss of bladder control.
  • A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in the bladder, kidneys, ureters or urethra.
  • Uterine fibroids (also called leiomyoma) are not cancer. Affecting as many as one in five women, these benign fibroid tumors grow in a woman’s uterus and may require treatment.  
  • Vaginal Pain

    Vaginal pain, pain that occurs only in the vaginal area or that spreads down from the pelvis or cervix, can be caused by a medical or psychological issue. The most common cause is infection, but it can also stem from a condition called dyspareunia (painful intercourse), trauma or another condition.
  • Vaginitis is inflammation of the vulva or vagina.
  • Vulvodynia is vulvar pain without a clear cause. It may occur anywhere in the vulva, or external female genital area, which includes the vaginal opening, labia and clitoris.