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Tests & Treatments

  • Acupuncture is a therapy that involves inserting needles into the skin to stimulate specific points (acupoints) on the body. It is based on techniques that originated in East Asia more than 2,000 years ago.
  • If you are allergic to pollen, mold or other hard-to-avoid substances, allergy shots can provide relief. The treatment, also called allergen immunotherapy, slowly and safely builds up your tolerance. At Rush you can get allergy shots to ease symptoms of allergy-induced asthma, eczema and allergic rhinitis.
  • Anger Management

    Anger management is a process of learning how to recognize when one is becoming angry and how to handle one’s anger in positive ways. This approach can be an effective tool for both adolescents and adults.
  • Angiogram

    Angiogram is an X-ray exam of the blood vessels to diagnose blockages, narrowing or other blood vessel problems. Also referred to as angiography, this procedure uses a special dye (or contrast agent) to make the blood vessels visible.
  • Angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure used to open a coronary (heart) artery that is completely or mostly clogged with deposits of fat and cholesterol called plaque.
  • Ankle Replacement

    Ankle replacement is surgery to replace damaged bone and cartilage in the ankle. Orthopedic surgeons use artificial implants to replace the damaged bone.
  • Arthrogram

    Arthrogram is an X-ray of your joint using a special dye (or contrast agent) to make the soft tissues visible. Also referred to as arthrography, this joint X-ray is often used to find more detailed information about conditions that affect joints such as arthritis.
  • Many conditions can be treated with arthroscopy instead of standard open surgery.
  • Atherectomy

    Atherectomy is used to remove plaque buildup from the inside of an artery. During this minimally invasive procedure, doctors insert a small burr-like device or a laser into the artery via a catheter. They use the device or laser to shave, cut off or dissolve the plaque. Often, a stent (a wire mesh or fabric tube) is then placed in the artery to keep it from re-narrowing.
  • Is an auditory osseointegrated implant right for me? If you or your child have hearing loss, your primary care doctor or pediatrician will refer you to an ear, nose and throat (ENT) doctor for a comprehensive assessment. You or your child may be a good candidate for an auditory osseointegrated implant for the following reasons:
  • Bariatric surgery is when a surgeon removes or blocks off part of the stomach to help a severely obese person lose weight.
  • Biofeedback

    Biofeedback is a technique one can use to control the body’s reaction to pain or other stressors. Biofeedback uses electrical sensors to provide a person with feedback about activity in his or her muscles and nerves. This feedback can help the person learn to relax certain muscles in response.
  • Birth control, or contraception, refers to a wide range of choices for people who want to prevent pregnancy. There are many birth control options.
  • Bone Marrow Biopsy

    Bone marrow biopsy is the removal of soft tissue (marrow) inside bones for examination. It is used frequently to diagnose blood cancer, including leukemia, Hodgkin’s lymphoma and multiple myeloma.
  • A bone scan is a test where radioactive material is injected to image bones in the body. It is used to diagnose bone conditions or to see whether treatment for bone cancer is working.
  • Botulinum toxin is available as four brands: Botox, Myobloc, Dysport and Xeomin. Each is produced from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. When eaten, the toxin causes a serious food poisoning called botulism. But when injected in very small amounts, it can be used safely to treat a number of medical and neurological conditions.
  • Brachytherapy is a cancer treatment where radioactive seeds or wires are placed inside or near the tumor.
  • BRCA Testing

    BRCA testing is a medical test to determine a person’s risk for developing breast or ovarian cancer. The test looks for mutations of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes, which are linked to a higher risk of developing breast and ovarian cancers.
  • Breast Augmentation

    Breast augmentation is a surgical procedure to enlarge breasts. Breast augmentation may be undertaken for cosmetic reasons or as part of breast reconstruction surgery for breast cancer.
  • Being diagnosed with breast cancer that requires a mastectomy can be devastating. But for patients who have lost one or both breasts, breast reconstruction is an option. The surgery restores patients' breasts to a normal size, shape and appearance.
  • Bronchoscopy

    Bronchoscopy is a procedure in which a physician uses a tube with a small camera to look inside the lungs’ airways and to take tissue or fluid samples. The procedure is used to diagnose a problem in the lungs, such as a tumor on an infection. There are two types of bronchoscope — the more frequently used flexible fiberoptic bronchoscope and the rigid bronchoscope.
  • Brow Lift

    A brow lift, also known as a forehead lift, reduces wrinkles in the forehead and between the eyes. It also corrects sagging skin in the forehead, eyebrows and upper eyelids.A brow lift can help restore a more youthful appearance.
  • Patients who are at risk for cancer, have a suspected cancer, or have a diagnosed cancer may need some type of surgery. Their care team will discuss when they need surgery and what their options are so that they can decide what is best for them.
  • Cardiac Catheterization

    Cardiac catheterization is a minimally invasive procedure in which a catheter is inserted into a blood vessel in the arm, groin or neck and threaded to the heart. It is used to diagnose and treat a variety of heart conditions, including coronary artery disease, heart attack, chest pain, defects, valve problems, infections and tumors, as well as measure blood flow and oxygen levels in different parts of the heart.
  • Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy

    Cardiac resynchronization therapy is used to treat people with advanced heart failure whose right and left ventricles are not contracting at the same time. A small device called a biventricular pacemaker is implanted in the chest, under the skin. The pacemaker sends electrical impulses to the heart muscle to match up the beating of both sides of the heart. This resynchronization improves the heart’s function.  
  • Carotid Endarterectomy

    Carotid endarterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove plaque build-up from the carotid artery in the neck, improving or restoring the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the brain. It can help lower the risk of stroke in people with carotid artery disease. Once the plaque has been removed, a stent (a wire mesh tube) may then be placed inside the artery to reduce the risk of re-narrowing.  
  • Carotid Ultrasound

    Carotid ultrasound is a noninvasive test that uses sound waves to measure blood flow in a person’s carotid artery. Doctors use this test to determine how much plaque a person’s carotid artery has and whether it is blocked or narrowed. These measures can help determine a person’s risk for a recurrent or future stroke or TIA.
  • Carpal Tunnel Release

    Carpal tunnel release is a surgical procedure to treat carpal tunnel syndrome. This brief outpatient procedure increases the available space for the tendons and nerve within the carpal tunnel, relieving pressure and symptoms. It is often performed with minimally invasive techniques to minimize trauma and scarring.  
  • Cartilage Restoration

    Cartilage restoration is a treatment option to restore or replace damaged cartilage in the in the elbow, foot, ankle, hip, knee or shoulder before more serious joint damage occurs. Cartilage restoration techniques can be used for articular cartilage (which coats the ends of bones in joints) or meniscus cartilage (elastic, smooth and dense connective tissue that helps bones absorb shock).  
  • In cervical disc replacement surgery, surgeons remove a diseased cervical disc and replace it with an artificial disc.
  • Cesarean Section

    Cesarean section, or C-section, is when a newborn is surgically removed from the mother instead of through a vaginal delivery.
  • Chemical Peel

    Chemical peel is a treatment to improve the appearance of the skin. During a chemical peel, a chemical solution is applied to the skin, causing it to blister and peel off. This process removes the superficial layers of the skin, leaving new, typically smoother and less wrinkled skin.
  • Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy cancer cells or to slow down their growth.
  • Chin Augmentation

    Chin augmentation is a surgical procedure to alter the shape or size of the chin. It may involve inserting a synthetic implant or reshaping or moving of bones.
  • Specialists at Rush provide comprehensive cochlear implant services to help people with profound hearing loss communicate with greater ease.
  • Cognitive therapy, or cognitive-behavioral therapy as it is more commonly called today, is an active, structured form of psychotherapy based on the idea that the way a person views the world has a major influence on his or her emotions and behavior.
  • Colonoscopy

    Colonoscopy is a procedure that allows a doctor to examine the lining of the colon (large intestine) for abnormalities using a long, flexible tube and camera. A colonoscopy looks for signs of colon or rectal cancer and evaluates symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding and unexplained weight loss.
  • Colostomy

    Colostomy is an opening in the abdominal wall (called a stoma) through which the end of the large intestine (colon) is brought. Instead of through the anus, the bowels empty through the stoma into a bag attached to the abdomen.
  • Colposcopy

    Colposcopy is a procedure performed by a doctor to closely examine the cervix for abnormal cells. A colposcopy is typically performed as a follow up to an abnormal Pap smear. If the doctor sees any abnormal cells during the colposcopy, he or she may remove the cells for clinical examination.
  • Sleep specialists at Rush in Chicago perform sleep studies and prescribe CPAP therapy to relieve symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). They also offer a variety of treatment options for those who cannot tolerate CPAP.
  • Corneal Transplant

    Corneal transplant is a procedure to replace the central part of the diseased or scarred cornea (outer lens on the front of the eye) with a clear cornea from a donor eye. The procedure can be combined with other surgery such as cataract removal if needed.
  • Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)

    Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is an open surgical procedure used to improve blood flow to the heart in people with severe coronary artery disease. During CABG, a healthy artery or vein taken from another part of the body is connected to the blocked coronary artery to bypass the blockage, creating a new path for blood to flow to the heart muscle.  
  • Cortisone Injection

    Cortisone injection is a treatment used to provide pain relief for a variety of conditions such as arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome and tendonitis. Cortisone injections minimize inflammation, which decreases the body’s pain response. Cortisone injections use a synthetic (man-made) form of cortisone, a substance naturally produced by the body.
  • Couples therapy is psychotherapy to help partners in a relationship improve their interactions. Sex therapy is psychotherapy to help a couple improve their sexual relationship.
  • Craniosacral Therapy

    Craniosacral therapy is an alternative therapy involving the gentle massage of bones in the skull, spine and pelvis. This therapy is used to ease tension and stress in the body.
  • Cryotherapy

    Cryotherapy is a minimally invasive treatment that uses extreme cold to freeze cells in order to destroy them. Cryotherapy is used frequently to destroy cancer cells as part of cancer treatment. It is also referred to as cryoablation or cryosurgery.
  • CT Scan

    CT scan (or computed tomography scan) is an imaging procedure that uses a combination of X-rays and computer technology to produce cross-sectional images (often called slices) of the body. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including bone, muscle and organs.
  • Deep brain stimulation (DBS) involves implanting a device that delivers electric signals to the brain. This can help control symptoms of movement disorders like Parkinson's disease and dystonia.
  • Dermal Fillers

    Dermal fillers involve the injection of natural or synthetic substances to improve the appearance of aging or damaged skin. They can reduce the appearance of wrinkles, plump lips and cheeks, improve the appearance of scars, and create contours in the jaw line and other parts of the face.
  • DEXA Scan

    DEXA scan, or dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan, is a method to measure bone mineral density. Measuring a person’s bone mineral density can help determine his or her risk of a bone fracture or osteoporosis.
  • Rush offers advanced dialysis options for adults and children who are suffering with renal failure or other conditions affecting their kidney function.
  • Discectomy

    Discectomy is surgery to remove all or part of a herniated disc (the cushions that separate the vertebrae in the spinal column). The procedure can be done on its own or as part of a larger surgery that also includes a laminectomy, foraminotomy or spinal fusion. Discectomy may be recommended if a person has severe or persistent symptoms, including pain, numbness and weakness.  
  • Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)

    Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) involves delivering an electrical shock to a patient’s brain while the patient is under anesthesia. It is used to treat severe depression and sometimes other mental conditions, including bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Side effects may include headaches, muscle pain and memory loss.
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)

    Electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test that measures the electrical activity of the brain. It is often referred to as a brain-wave test. An EEG is useful in diagnosing and treating many neurological disorders. An EEG is performed by attaching electrodes to the scalp and recording the brain’s activity.
  • Embolization

    Embolization, or endovascular embolization, is a minimally invasive procedure that occludes, or blocks, blood flow to a certain part of the body. During the procedure, a doctor uses a catheter to deliver small plastic particles, glue, metal coils (this is called coil embolization), foam or a balloon to seal off the blood vessel. Embolization can reduce the risk of an aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation rupturing, shrink tumors or fibroids, and prevent or reduce hemorrhaging (abnormal bleeding).
  • Endometrial Biopsy

    Endometrial biopsy is a test used to diagnose endometrial cancer or other endometrial issues, such as abnormal bleeding. During an endometrial biopsy, a gynecologist takes a small sample of the endometrium (tissue lining the uterus) to examine it for abnormal cells.
  • Doctors at Rush use endoscopic mucosal resection to remove early-stage cancers or precancerous tissues in people with Barrett’s esophagus, esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, carcinoid tumors and colon polyps. Doctors may also use EMR to take tissue samples to examine for diagnostic purposes.
  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an procedure that uses X-rays and an endoscope (a lighted, flexible tube containing a camera) to diagnose or treat problems in the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts and pancreas.
  • Endoscopic ultrasound is an imaging procedure that doctors use to find and evaluate cancers and other conditions of the pancreas, liver, gallbladder and digestive tract.
  • Esophagectomy

    Esophagectomy is surgery to remove all or part of the esophagus, the tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach. An esophagectomy is most often performed as treatment for esophageal cancer. Part of the stomach or intestine is used to rebuild the removed portion of the esophagus.

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