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Is it OK to discipline children by spanking them? According to a recent Reuters/Ipsos poll, many people believe it is.
Roughly 68 percent of those polled said spanking is an acceptable form of punishment at home — as long as it's with a hand and not implements such as paddles, belts or switches.
But the American Academy of Pediatrics and many other pediatric experts disagree. They argue that the negatives of spanking far outweigh any positives.
This group of experts includes Paul Holinger, MD, MPH, a child and adolescent psychiatrist at Rush, who believes that physical punishment — at any age — initiates a cycle of violent behavior. Here, Holinger shares his views on spanking and discipline.
Spanking is a euphemism for hitting. Hitting a spouse or a stranger is considered domestic violence or assault. So why should you be permitted to hit a smaller and even more vulnerable child?
Hitting a child elicits precisely the feelings one does not want to generate in a child: distress, anger, fear, shame and disgust. Studies show that children who are hit will identify with the aggressor, and they are more likely to become hitters themselves (i.e., bullies and future abusers of their children and spouses). They tend to learn to use violent behavior as a way to deal with disputes.
The usual reason parents spank is to get children to do what parents think is best for them. And, yet, the answer is much more complicated.
Dealing with children can stir up very charged and old feelings. The arguments and screaming of a child can push the same buttons that your own parents or siblings pushed long ago.
Or perhaps you or your spouse spanks because that’s what your parents did. I've often heard, "I was spanked as a child, and I turned out all right."
While that may be true, I believe you turned out all right in spite of the spanking, not because of it ... and perhaps things would have been even better if your parents had turned to effective alternatives to spanking.
These are some strategies I've found effective for dealing with kids' bad behavior:
If we truly want a less violent society, not hitting our children is a good place to start.
When it comes to tantrums, prevention is key. Take steps to avoid tantrums from ever happening by knowing what triggers them.
Three issues in particular can provoke distress, anger and tantrums: fatigue, hunger and illness.
When tantrums do occur, remain calm. Ignore the behavior rather than feed into it with a bribe, which is a reward for bad behavior and only increases the chances of the behavior happening again. And definitely don't resort to hitting.
In my experience, parents typically need the time-outs more than their children.
I think time-outs can be somewhat isolating to a child, and that's not always productive. That said, I think there are times when children and parents need to separate and cool down. So, in that sense, time-outs can be valuable.
Whether it's a time-out, using positive reinforcement or having a sit down to explain unacceptable behavior, these alternatives to spanking have their advantages. Among other things, they can help children do the following:
One more thing to think about regarding spanking: If we truly want a less violent society, not hitting our children is a good place to start.
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