Treatment Stud for Advanced-Stage Cervical and Vaginal Cancers

Clinical Trial Title

A randomized phase III trial of radiation therapy and cisplatin alone or in combination with intravenous triapine in women with newly diagnosed bulky stage IB2, stage II, IIIB, or IVA cancer of the uterine cervix or stage II-IVA vaginal cancer.

National Clinical Trial Number:

NCT02466971

Clinical Trial Protocol Description:

This randomized phase III trial studies radiation therapy and cisplatin with triapine to see how well they work compared to the standard radiation therapy and cisplatin alone in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage IB2, II, or IIIB-IVA cervical cancer or stage II-IVA vaginal cancer. Radiation therapy uses high energy protons to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Triapine may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether radiation therapy and cisplatin are more effective with triapine in treating cervical or vaginal cancer.

Clinical Trial Eligibility Criteria:

In order to participate you must meet the following criteria:

  • Are female and at least 18 years of age.
  • Patient has a new, unrated histologic diagnosis of stage IB2 (> 4 cm), II, IIIB or IVA squamous, adenocarcinoma, or adenosquamous carcinoma of the uterine cervix or stage II-IVA squamous, adenocarcinoma, or adenosquamous carcinoma of the vagina not amenable to curative surgical resection alone; the presence or absence of para‐aortic lymph node metastasis will be based on pre-therapy 18F‐FDG PET/CT; NOTE: if the baseline 18F‐FDG PET/CT identifies hypermetabolic para‐aortic disease, such patients will NOT be eligible; the patient must be able to tolerate imaging requirements of an 18F‐FDG PET/CT scan
  • Patient must provide study specific informed consent prior to study entry
  • Patient must have a Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2 or equivalent
  • Absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/uL
  • Platelets > 100,000/uL
  • Hemoglobin > 10 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin < 2.0 mg/dL
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) < 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Prothrombin time (PT)/activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) < 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL to receive weekly cisplatin
    • Patients whose serum creatinine is between 1.5 and 1.9 mg/dL are eligible for cisplatin if the estimated creatinine clearance (CCr) is >= 30 ml/min; for the purpose of estimating the CCr, the formula of Cockcroft and Gault for females should be used
  • Patient does not have uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (i.e., fasting blood glucose > 200 mg/dL)
  • Patient has a life expectancy of greater than 20 weeks
  • Patient does not have known brain metastases (testing optional)
  • Patient does not have known human immunodeficiency virus syndrome (HIV, testing optional); known HIV-positive patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with triapine
  • Patient does not have a known allergy to compounds of similar or biologic composition as triapine
  • Patient does not have known glucose‐6‐phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency as the condition interferes with triapine antidote metabolism (G6PD testing optional)
  • Patient is not actively breastfeeding (or has agreed to discontinue breastfeeding before the initiation of protocol therapy)

You will be excluded from the study if any of the following criteria apply to you:

  • Patient has another concurrent active invasive malignancy
  • Patient has had a prior invasive malignancy diagnosed within the last three years (except [1] non-melanoma skin cancer or [2] prior in situ carcinoma of the cervix); patients are excluded if they have received prior pelvic radiotherapy for any reason that would contribute radiation dose that would exceed tolerance of normal tissues at the discretion of the treating physician
  • Patient has uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, myocardial infarction within six months of protocol initiation, cardiac arrhythmia within six months of protocol initiation; known inadequately controlled hypertension; clinically significant pulmonary disease including dyspnea at rest, or patients requiring supplemental oxygen, or poor pulmonary reserve; or clinically significant renal function impairment (baseline serum creatinine > 2 mg/dL); or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Patient is receiving another investigational agent for the treatment of cancer
  • Patient is currently pregnant
  • Patient does not agree to use two forms of birth control if they are of child-bearing potential
  • Patients who have had a hysterectomy or are planning to have an adjuvant hysterectomy following radiation as part of their cervical cancer treatment are ineligible
  • Patients scheduled to be treated with adjuvant consolidation chemotherapy or other anti-neoplastic therapy at the conclusion of their standard chemoradiation
  • Patients with self-reported or known diagnosis of G6PD deficiency
  • Patients with vaginal cancer may have previously undergone a hysterectomy for various indications; patients with vaginal cancer who underwent a hysterectomy for treatment of cervical cancer less than five years prior to their diagnosis of vaginal cancer are ineligible

This is a partial list of eligibility requirements. To inquire about your eligibility, please call the contact number provided. If you wish to inquire via email, please include the title of the study in your message.

Study Details

Clinical Trial Investigator

Joseph T. Meschi, MD

Contact Information

Amanda Baker