|CERNER / EPIC MNEMONIC:||C SPUTUMGS|
|CPT CODE:||87070 (culture); 87205 (sceen); 87205 (Gram stain)|
|CDM NUMBER:||3421053; 3421059; 3421033|
The test includes a screen for specimen acceptability with few exceptions. The exceptions include: bronchial specimens, specimens obtained from patients less than 6 years of age, and specimens ( swab specimens) from patients reported to the laboratory as having a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis. The test also includes a direct Gram stain, isolation and identification of microorganisms, and susceptibility testing, if appropriate.
|DAYS PERFORMED:||Daily, 24 hours|
Gram stain: 2 hours after receipt of the specimen in the laboratory. Preliminary culture reports are available after 24 hours. Cultures with no growth or normal flora only will be finalized after 3 days. Cultures from patients reported to the laboratory as having a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis will be finalized after 5 days. Complete reports of cultures from which pathogens are isolated may take 3-10 days after receipt of the culture depending upon the nature of the microorganisms detected.
|SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS:||The requisition MUST state if the patient has been diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. Patients known to be leukopenic should have this indicated on the requisition.|
|CONTAINER TYPE:||Sterile sputum container; sterile Leuken`s tube; sealed, sterile container, no preservative.|
|COLLECTION:||The sputum and Leuken`s specimens should be first morning specimens. Nonbacteriostatic saline should be used when irrigation is necessary.|
|SPECIMEN REQUIREMENTS:||First morning sputum, induced sputum, aspirated sputum, tracheal aspirate, bronchial, Leuken`s, gastric aspirate|
|REJECTION CRITERIA:||Inappropriate specimen container, insufficient specimen volume, specimen received in a preservative, specimen consisting of excessive oropharyngeal contamination as determined by sputum screen, specimen containing food particles. If the specimen is microscopically consistent with saliva, it will be rejected. Only one specimen will be accepted per day.|
|MINIMUM VOLUME:||2 mL|
|HANDLING INSTRUCTIONS:||Specimen should be transported as soon as possible. When transportation is delayed, refrigerate.|
|REFERENCE RANGE:||Normal upper respiratory flora|
|METHODOLOGY:||Inoculation of conventional culture media.|