Excessive hemolysis, gross contamination of specimen, chylous serum, improper storage of specimen, inappropriate specimen container, insufficient specimen volume.
5 mL blood (1 mL serum)
Specimen should be transported as soon as possible. When transportation is delayed, refrigerate.
No HTLV-I/II antibody detected
LIMITATIONS OF TEST:
A negative result does not preclude the possibility of infection with HTLV-I/II.
Enzyme linked immunoassay assay (ELISA)
HTLV-I causes adult T cell leukemia (ATL) or HTLV-associated myelopathy (HAM) in approximately 10% of infected individuals. HTLV-II is closely related to HTLV-I, but disease associations are less clear. Positive or equivocal HTLV I/II screening test results will be tested further by HTLV Western Blot which usually differentiates HTLV-I from HTLV-II infection.
HTLV-I Antibody Detection; Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type I Antibody