Blood Culture, Mycobacterium (View in report form.)
CERNER / EPIC MNEMONIC:
C AFB BL
CU MYCOBACTERIUM BLOOD; CU AFB BLOOD; CU ACID FAST BLOOD; C AFB BL
The test includes identification of any mycobacteria isolated, and susceptibility testing, if appropriate. Other isolated organisms (i.e. aerobes, yeast, etc.) may be referred for identification and/or susceptibility testing if medically indicated AND a separate culture procedure has NOT yielded the same organism(s).
Daily, 24 hours
Preliminary culture reports are available after 1 week or when a mycobacterial isolate is detected. Negative cultures will be finalized after 6 weeks. Completion of culture reports may require additional time when mycobacteria are isolated.
Request test specifically. Not a component of a routine blood culture. The specific site of the specimen (i.e. arterial, swan ganz, etc.) MUST be specified on the order or requisition.
Swab the venipuncture site concentrically, starting at the center, with 4% chlorhexidine glucosate. After the disinfectant has dried, remove with an alcohol swab. The venipuncture site must not be palpated after preparation. Obtain 5 mL blood (adults) 1 mL (children). Inoculate the collection tube. Invert the tube 5-10 times to mix well. Blood cultures should be obtained prior to initiation of antifungal therapy. If more than one culture is ordered, the specimen should be obtained from separate venipuncture sites. Disinfect the septum of the collection tube with alcohol. The time of collection must be indicated. Strict aseptic technique is essential
Inappropriate specimen container, specimen received more than 8 hours after collection, insufficient specimen volume, refrigerated specimen, clotted specimen.
3 mL; 1 mL peds
Specimen should be transported as soon as possible. When transportation is delayed, leave at room temperature. Do NOT refrigerate.
No mycobacteria isolated
Lysis centrifugation followed by inoculation of conventional mycobacterial culture media, as well as a rapid medium for automated continuous analysis.
Bacterial isolates will be referred to the Blood Culture workstation for identification and susceptibility testing, when appropriate. An additional charge(s) will be incurred. Fungal isolates will be referred to the Mycology laboratory for identification. An additional charge(s) will be incurred. Mycobacterial susceptibility testing is performed routinely only for M. tuberculosis complex, M. kansasii, M. chelonae complex, and M. fortuitum. Susceptibility testing for other Mycobacterium species is performed by special request only. Susceptibility testing will be performed only on the first Mycobacterium isolate from each specimen type per patient. Additional susceptibilities may be performed after a period of 4 weeks for patients with suspected treatment failure. The battery of drugs routinely tested will vary by isolate and/or physician request. Patients from whom M. tuberculosis is isolated are reported to the City of Chicago Board of Health. This is mandated by law.
MAC Blood Culture; MAI Blood Culture; Mycobacterium Culture, Blood