Glossary of Asthma Terms
asthma action plan allergen allergist beta-agonists bronchoconstriction bronchodilators control drug immunotherapy metered dose inhaler nebulizer peak flow rescue/quick-relief drug sinusitis spacer spirometry
Asthma Action Plan: An educational tool that you and your provider complete together. The Asthma Action Plan functions as a guide or chart to help you manage your asthma.
Allergen: A substance that triggers an allergic reaction and can also trigger an asthma attack.
Allergist: A doctor with specific training in identifying allergens and in asthma care.
Beta-agonists: Asthma drug that helps open airways by relaxing the muscles around the bronchotubes.
Bronchoconstriction: When muscles wrapping the airways constrict, pinching the airways closed.
Bronchodilators: Drugs that relax muscles around the airways.
Control drug: Asthma medication used daily to prevent asthma symptoms and attacks.
Immunotherapy: A series of shots to help build the immune system against a specific asthma trigger, like cat or dog dander or pollen.
Metered dose inhaler: One of the most common devices used for asthma medication, the metered dose inhaler allows for a specific amount of medication to be inhaled at one time.
Nebulizer: A device that creates a mist using your asthma medication, making it easier to inhale.
Peak flow: Measurement of how efficiently you can blow air out of your lungs. If your airways are narrow or blocked, your peak flow readings will decrease.
Rescue/quick-relief drug: A drug used as needed to relieve asthma symptoms during an attack.
Sinusitis: Inflammation or infection of the sinuses. Has been known to exacerbate or worsen asthma.
Spacer: Used with your meter dosed inhaler to deliver medication more effectively, reducing aftertaste.
Spirometry: Test used to diagnose asthma, by measuring the maximum volume you can exhale.