The liver performs a number of crucial functions in the body, including cleaning the blood, fighting infections, synthesizing protein, storing energy and producing chemicals necessary for digestion. A variety of diseases, such as cirrhosis and liver cancer, can cause the liver to fail.
Liver transplantation is a surgical procedure that places a healthy donated liver from another person into a patient whose liver has failed. The transplanted liver is connected to blood vessels and bile ducts and resumes its normal tasks inside its new body. Donated livers usually come from a person who has died and who registered to be an organ donor while still living.
The following conditions may require you to get a liver transplant:
- Hepatitis, including hepatitisC, hepatitis B, autoimmune hepatitis
- Liver cancer
- Acute liver failure
- Primary biliary cirrhosis
- Primary sclerosing cholangitis
- Budd-Chiari syndrome
- Alpha-one anti-trypsin deficiency